Get to know Bavaria

Growth, prosperity, employment and social harmony - only a successful economy can offer all of these things. Today, Bavaria is one of the strongest economic regions in Europe.

Quite a feat, considering that the state was still heavily agricultural a mere 50 years ago. Despite the rise to a high-tech location, it has kept its diverse natural landscape intact.


The economic output per resident is well above the German and European averages, making Bavaria one of the markets with the highest levels purchasing power in the world. The state's gross domestic product is 465.5 billion euros - which means that the State of Bavaria surpasses 19 of the 27 EU member states.

In recent years, more than 1,500 high-tech companies have settled here, including a large number of market leaders. In total, there are more than 11,500 technology companies creating an ideal climate for growth and innovation. This is drawing more and more companies to Bavaria. During the time period from 2000 to 2010, Bavaria's economic output grew 13.6 per cent.

"Made in Bavaria" is a synonym for quality. That's why products and services from the State of Bavaria are in high demand on the global market. The export ratio in Bavaria's manufacturing industry grew from 40.3 per cent in 2000 to 51.3 per cent in 2012.

That means that more than every second euro is earned from international business. Bavaria's TOP 10 export markets are currently Austria, the USA, China, Italy, France, the Czech Republic, the United Kingdom, the Russian Federation, the Netherlands and Belgium.



Key Technologies
Bavarian companies, their business interests and their competences.

Employment, prosperity and security

Growth provides security: Since the year 2000, more than 200,000 new jobs have been created in Bavaria - which is the greatest growth in employment among all German states. Today, the unemployment rate in many regions in Bavaria is below three per cent – representing full employment. That means good perspectives for people looking for employment.

The standard of living in Bavaria is also significantly higher than the national average in Germany. In 2011, average household income was 22,086 euros per year.

Investment location

Companies from all over the world are drawn to Bavaria to take advantage of this attractive investment location. A large portion of investment projects originate in China and the USA. Additionally, more and more Russian companies are establishing operations here, followed by Indian and Japanese enterprises as well. There are several sectors that are particularly well represented:

  • Automotive
  • Construction
  • Electrical engineering and electronics
  • Renewable energies and energy technologies
  • Information and communication technologies

The business promotion agency Invest in Bavaria provides companies with service and support in establishing operations in Bavaria. Between 1999 and 2011, successful investment projects created more than 32,000 new jobs for specialists from all over the world.

Land of entrepreneurs and home to SMEs

The backbone of the Bavarian economy is its highly diverse small and medium-sized enterprises, found throughout all of the state's regions. The spectrum ranges from traditional skilled crafts and trades and highly specialised manufacturing services to research and development projects in high-tech fields associated with universities. More than 99 per cent of all Bavarian companies are small or medium-sized enterprises. They provide for prosperity and growth with a turnover volume exceeding 340 billion euros.

In 2011, 69,665 people in Bavaria decided to take the step to self-employment. The state is proud of its small and medium-sized enterprises and provides the optimum framework and targeted support for medium-sized companies (website in German) and people starting their own businesses.